Through The Lens: An Introduction To Cameras

I love taking photos and I've recently been reading a lot of photography blogs and it's inspired me to start my own photography series. 

I've been wanting to start this for a while but I wanted to wait until I had more ideas for topics. Starting from today, I'm going to start this series, Through The Lens, where every week I will share photography tips, advice and just stuff I've learnt as I'm continuing to develop my own photography. I also love filmmaking so some weeks I might talk about different video techniques. I have a schedule of posts but it might change on some weeks if I come up with any new ideas!

So, to start off the series, I thought I would talk about my camera's that I use to take my photos! I have 3 camera's that I use.
  • Nikon D3200
  • GoPro Hero 3+
  • iPhone 5S

Nikon D3200.
This is my DSLR camera. This is my first entry level camera, I got it for Christmas while I was studying film production in my 2nd year of University, so that I had my own camera to film with. 

The Body

Specs Overview:
  • Megapixels: 24.2 
  • Sensor Size/Type: APS-C
  • Image Processor: Expeed 3
  • AF Points: 11
  • ISO: 100 - 6400 (12800 with boost)
  • Min/Max Shutter Speed: 30 Secs - 1/4000 Secs
  • Video: 1920 x 1080 (30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 424 (30, 25 fps)
  • Display: Wide Viewing Angle LCD
  • Dimensions and Weight: 125 x 96 x 77mm - 505g
  • Battery Life: 540 Shots Per Charge

I have 2 lenses to use for this camera, the kit lens, which is a 18 - 55mm and a zoom lens, which is 55 - 200mm.

18 - 55mm 

This is the 18 - 55mm lens, it's a kit lens which means it came with the camera. 18 - 55mm refers to the focal length of the camera, so the furtherest distance I can focus on is 55mm away and 18mm is the closest distance, anything closer than 18mm or further than 55mm will be out of focus. The space in between is called depth of field, and the larger the focal length, the larger the depth of field. (I'll show some photos I took with different focal lengths).

If you ignore the dust on the lens, this is how it looks on the camera!

Here is a photo I took with a focal length of 18mm:

As you can see, 18mm is perfect for taking quick photos of subjects close by, ideal for getting quick snaps while your out and about. There isn't much depth at 18mm, you can tell because the background isn't too out of focus. This camera does a really great job of picking up colour really vibrantly, as you can see in the phone box and the grass.

In comparison, here is a photo I took at focal length of 40mm. The top of the steps are in focus and the further down you go, the more blurry it starts to get. This photo has a larger depth of field and so when you look at the stepping stones in the river, you start to get a feel of the distance in the photo, which you don't have as much in the previous photo.

Finally, here is photo I took at the maximum focal length, 55mm. As you can see, everything past the leaves is out of focus. This focal length is the best for getting nice close up shots with this lens.

55 - 200mm lens.

So this is another lens I have for my Nikon. This lens didn't come with the camera, it was bought separately. It's a zoom lens which means it's better for shooting subjects further away. If the subject is any closer than 55mm, the lens won't be able to focus on it, but you can focus on something up to 200mm away. You get lots of depth of field with this lens, I'll show some photos as an example, but first, here's how it looks on the camera.

And here is a photo I took with the focal length at 97mm:

I feel like you can really feel the depth in this photo. My dad stands out so much over the background, it's almost like the photo has 2 separate layers. 

This photo was taken at 116mm:

You can see that the higher the focal length, the more depth of field you get in the photo.

And finally, this photo was taken at it's highest focal length, 200mm:

GoPro Hero 3+ Black Edition
So my next camera is the GoPro Hero 3+. I love this camera, it's so tiny but so powerful! 

Specs Overview:
  • Video: 1080p 60fps, 960p 100fps, 720p 120fps, 4K 25fps, 2.7K 30fps, 14440p, 48fps
  • Megapixels: 12, 30fps burst
  • Superview mode
  • Auto low light mode
  • GoPro App - Remote compatible

I absolutely love the GoPro. I love how wide the angel is, it just amazes me that such a tiny camera can do all of that. I use my GoPro to take more videos and make time lapses but it does take awesome photos too. 

To demonstrate how wide the angle is, here's a few photos I took.

As you can see, the GoPro has the fish eye lens effect, you can actually switch it off if you don't like it, but I think it makes everything look epic!

Another thing I really love about the GoPro is the app that you can download to go with it. The GoPro has wifi, which you connect to on your phone so that you can use your phone as a remote to control the GoPro. This is great because the GoPro doesn't have a screen on the back so you can use your phone as a monitor, and also you can set your GoPro to record or take photos without having to touch the GoPro.

iPhone 5S
I decided to include my iPhone in this post because I take so many photos on my phone! Just because I always have it with me wherever I go.

Specs Overview:
  • Megapixels: 8
  • Video: 1080p 30fps
  • Slo-mo 120fps
  • Time lapse
  • Panorama
  • True Tone Flash
The iPhone 5S has really amazing photo quality and it's really easy to take lots of quick snaps when your on the move.

This is one of my favourite photos I've taken recently on the 5S:

And that is everything I use to take my photos with! I hope you enjoyed this introductory post to my new Through The Lens series. Next Thursday I'm going to be talking about camera equipment and accessories so check back here next week if you're interested in that!

You can also keep up to date with my latest photos & videos on Instagram, Flickr and YouTube!

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